Ancient Judaism = Das antike Judentum (1952 Weber / Gerth, Martindale), book (English ed.)

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Ancient Judaism (1952) is the English (American) edition of a book by Max Weber; see Das antike Judentum (Ancient Judaism / 1921 Weber), book. Translated from the German by Hans H. Gerth and Don Martindale.


Part 3 of Weber's Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Religionssoziologie (Bd. 1 Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus. Die protestantischen Sekten und der Geist des Kapitalismus. Die Wirtschaftsethik der Weltreligionen -- Bd. 2 Hinduismus und Buddhismus -- Bd. 3. Das antike Judentum).

Weber's work was the first attempt at a socio-historical analysis of ancient Judaism. Weber was neither a Biblical scholar nor an Orientalist; his work was not based on primary sources but on the secondary literature on the period.

While focusing in the pre-exilic history of the Hebrews, Weber's work included Second Temple Judaism.

Editions and translations

Published in Glencoe, IL, Free Press, 1952.

Other Translations



The natural and cultural background of ancient Judaism. The social structure and its setting -- The Gerim and the ethic of the patriarchs -- The covenant and confederacy. The social laws of the Israelite legal collections -- Warfare and war prophecy -- Social significance of the war god of the confederacy -- Priesthood, cult, and ethics. Cultic peculiarities of Yahwism -- Priests and the cult monopoly of Jerusalem -- Forms of Israelite intellectuality in the pre-prophetic era -- Ethics and eschatology of Yahwism -- Intercultural relations in pre-exilic ethics

The establishment of the Jewish pariah people. Social psychology of the prophets -- The ethic and theodicy of the prophets -- The pariah community -- The exile -- Supplement : the Pharisees. Sects and cults of the post-exile period -- Judaism and early Christianity -- Notes -- Map, location of historic places.

External links