Category:Pauline Studies

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Main Page -> Pauline Studies (PaS) Home Page
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Pauline Studies is a field of research in Second Temple Judaism, that specializes in the study of Paul of Tarsus and the texts attributed to him or written in his name.



History of Research
History of Research

The extant letters of Paul and the detailed account of Acts make Paul one of the best documented figures of Second Temple Judaism. Paul was a very controversial figure in his own time, both within Judaism and within the early Jesus movement. For centuries, Paul has been regarded as the major theologian of early Christianity and the Christian leader with greater responsibility for the parting of the ways between Judaism and Christianity. In recent years many scholars are trying to read his experience and thought more within Second Temple Judaism. "Paul the Jew" is becoming a very intriguing subject of research.

The "Old Perspective on Paul" saw Judaism as an inferior religion of legalism and interpreted Paul in sharp contrast to Judaism. This view was rooted in the traditional Lutheran opposition between grace and law and was given its modern scholarly shape by authors such as Ferdinand Christian Baur, Ferdinand Wilhelm Weber, Emil Schürer, Wilhelm Bousset, Rudolf Bultmann, Ernst Käsemann and Günther Bornkamm. In spite of the protests by scholars, such as Claude Montefiore, Salomon Schechter, and George Foot Moore, the "Old Perspective on Paul" remained unchallenged until the 1970s when a "New Perspective on Paul" began to emerge through the works of Krister Stendahl, E. P. Sanders, Heikki Räisänen, James Dunn, and N. T. Wright. The "New Perspective" offers a positive view of Judaism, while still establishing a well-defined distinction between Paul and Judaism. By contrast the Radical New Perspective (Lloyd Gaston, Peter Tomson, Stanley Stowers, Mark Nanos, Caroline Johnson Hodge, Pamela Eisenbaum, Carlos Segovia, and others) reads Paul as a figure within first-century Judaism. A "Neo-Traditional Perspective on Paul" is today advocated by authors such as Frank Thielman, Andrew Das, Simon Gathercole, and Stephen Westerholm.


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PaS Texts
PaS Texts


Life of Paul
Life of Paul


People
People


Categories
Categories


Cognate Fields
Cognate Fields