Enoch and Qumran Origins (2005 Boccaccini), edited volume

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Enoch and Qumran Origins: New Light on a Forgotten Connection (2005) is a volume edited by Gabriele Boccaccini.


Proceedings of the Second Enoch Seminar (Venice 2003). The collection of essays explores the influence of the Enoch literature on Qumran origins and challenges those who view the Essene movement as the result of a Zadokite reaction after the "sons of Zadok" failed to regain the high priesthood.

<The rediscovery of Enochic Judaism as an ancient movement of dissent within Second Temple Judaism, a movement centered on neither temple nor torah, is a major achievement of contemporary research. After being marginalized, ancient Enoch texts have reemerged as a significant component of the Dead Sea Scrolls library unearthed at Qumran. Enoch and Qumran Origins is the first comprehensive treatment of the complex and forgotten relations between the Qumran community and the Jewish group behind the pseudepigraphal literature of Enoch. The contributors demonstrate that the roots of the Qumran community are to be found in the tradition of the Enoch group rather than that of the Jerusalem priesthood. Framed by Gabriele Boccaccini's introduction and James Charlesworth's conclusion, this book examines the hypotheses of five particularly eminent scholars, resulting in an engaging and substantive discussion among forty-seven specialists from nine countries. The exceptional array of essays from leading international scholars in Second Temple Judaism and Christian origins makes Enoch and Qumran Origins a sine qua non for serious students of this period.>--Publisher description.


Published in Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2005.

Online reviews


Part One - Dream Visions and Daniel

Part Two: Enoch and Jubilees

Part Three: The Apocalypse of Weeks

  • Klaus Koch, History as a Battlefield of Two Antagonistic Powers in the Apocalypse of Weeks and in the Rule of the Community
  • Andreas Bedenbender, Reflection on Ideology and Date of the Apocalypse of Weeks
  • Timothy H. Lim, The Enochic Circles, the Hasidim, and the Qumran Community
  • Matthias Henze, The Apocalypse of Weeks and the Architecture of the End Time
  • Loren T. Stuckenbruck, The Plant Metaphor in Its Inner-Enochic and Early Jewish Context
  • Michael A. Knibb, The Apocalypse of Weeks and the Epistle of Enoch
  • Eibert J.C. Tigchelaar, Evaluating the Discussions concerning the Original Order of Chapters 91-93 and Codicological Data Pertaining to 4Q212 and Chester Beatty XII Enoch
  • Peter W. Flint, The Greek Fragments of Enoch from Qumran Cave 7
  • George W.E. Nickelsburg, Response: Context, Text, and Social Setting of the Apocalypse of Weeks

Part Four: The Groningen Hypothesis Revisited

Part Five: The Enochic-Essene Hypothesis Revisited

  • David W. Suter, Theodicy and the Problem of the "Intimate Enemy"
  • Annette Yoshiko Reed, Interrogating "Enochic Judaism": 1 Enoch as Evidence for Intellectual History, Social Realities, and Literary Tradition
  • John J. Collins, Enoch, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Essenes: Groups and Movements in Judaism in the Early Second Century B.C.E.
  • Jeff S. Anderson, From "Communities of Texts" to Religious Communities: Problems and Pitfalls
  • James R. Davila, Enochians, Essenes, and Qumran Essenes
  • Corrado Martone, Beyond Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: Some Observations on the Qumran Zadokite Priesthood
  • Pierluigi Piovanelli, Some Archaeological, Sociological, and Cross-Cultural Afterthoughts on the "Groningen" and the "Enochic-Essene" Hypotheses
  • John C. Reeves, Complicating the Notion of an "Enochic Judaism"
  • William Adler, Enoch, Moses, and the Essenes
  • James C. VanderKam, Too Far Beyond the Essene Hypothesis?
  • Benjamin G. Wright, Some Remarks on the Parting of the Ways
  • Paolo Sacchi, History of the Earliest Enochic Texts
  • Torleif Elgvin, Different Bibles for Different Groups?
  • Claudio Gianotto, Essenes, Qumran, and Christian Origins
  • Gabriele Boccaccini, Response: Texts, Intellectual Movements, and Social Groups

James H. Charlesworth, Summary and Conclusions: The Books of Enoch or 1 Enoch Matters: New Paradigms for Understanding Pre-70 Judaism

External links