Category:Gospel of Luke (text)

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The Synoptic Gospels
The Q Hypothesis

The Gospel of Luke (see Online Text) is a New Testament document.


Some notes on the relationship between Luke and the previuos gospels

Mark was the Gospel of Peter.

Matthew was in the line of James, the brother of Jesus.

Luke was a Jewish-Hellenistic Christian, largely following the teachings of Paul.

Matthew - Jesus is the new, strong leader needed by the Jews after the catastrophe of 70 (he is the son of Abraham, the son of David, the new Moses, the new lawgiver…). See Jesus’ genealogy.

Luke-Acts - Luke-Acts is profoundly influenced by Paul Jesus belongs to the entire humankind. He is the light of Gentiles (the new Adam, the Savior of humankind, etc.). See Jesus’ genealogy

Matthew - Jesus’ story starts and ends in Galilee. Every time Jesus preached in Jerusalem, he was rejected. Jesus is the leader of an anti-Jerusalem movement.

Luke-Acts – Jesus’ story start in the Temple. No Magi, no persecution by Herod, no stay in Egypt. On the contrary Jesus is presented to the Temple and preached in the Temple, even when he was a child. John the Baptist is not the only voice announcing the coming of the Messiah from within Judaism. The first Christian community was born in Jerusalem, at the heart of Judaism. Jesus is the personification of Judaism as a whole and the story of his movement testifies how the center of Judaism has moved from Jerusalem… Luke’s story ends in Rome, following Paul… as the center of Judaism has now moved from Jerusalem to the Diaspora (see Paul’s “parallel life”)

Matthew – Jesus preached only to the “lost sheep” of the House of Israel.

Luke-Acts – Jesus is constantly pushing his disciples to preach outside the boundaries of Israel

Matthew - Jesus gave the new Torah from the mountain; see Sermon on the Mount.

Luke-Acts – Jesus preached “in a flat land at the border with the Gentile land”

Matthew-Mark – Two communal meals (on for the Jews, one for Gentiles)

Luke-Acts – Only one communal meals for all disciples.

Matthew – No special role for women

Luke-Acts – Female disciples followed Jesus and supported the movement (8:1-2)

Mark and Matthew – Pilate shares some responsibility for the killing of Jesus.

Luke – Jesus was killed in spite of the opposition of Pilate and the Romans. Pilate and the Centurion proclaim Jesus’ innocence.

Mark and Matthew – No special role for the Holy Spirit

Luke-Acts – History is divided in three stages: the time of the Father (prophecy), the time of the Son (revelation), and the time of the Holy Spirit (mission). The Church is constituted and led by the Spirit. The end is not as imminent

Gospel of Luke in manuscript tradition

Gospel of Luke in Scholarship

Gospel of Luke in Fiction


Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

  • Sower (I) (8:4-8) // Mark 4:1–9); Matthew 13:1-9; Thomas 9; 1 Clement 24:5
  • Sower (II) (8:11-15) // Mark 4:13-20; Matthew 13:18-23

Chapter 9

Chapter 10

  • (10:23-24)

Chapter 11

  • (11:27-28) no parallel
  • (11:37-53)

Chapter 12

Chapter 13

  • Mustard Seed (13:18-19) // Mark 4:30–32; Matthew 13:31-32; Thomas 20

Chapter 14

Chapter 15

  • Lost Sheep (15:1-7) // Matthew 18:10-14; Thomas 107; Gospel of Truth 31-32; cf. John 10:1-18

Chapter 16

Chapter 17

Chapter 18

Chapter 19

  • Talents (19:11-27) // Matthew 25:14-30

Chapter 20

Chapter 21

Chapter 22

  • Last Supper (22:7-23) // Mark 14:12–26; Matthew 26:17-30; John 13:21-30; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25
  • Peter's Denial (I) (22:31-34) // Mark 14:27-31; Matthew 26:31-35; John 13:36-38
  • Peter's Denial (II) (22:56-62) // Mark 14:66-72; Matthew 26:69-75; John 18:15-18.25-27

Chapter 23

  • Burial of Jesus (23:50-56) // Mark 15:42–47; Matthew 27:57-61; John 19:38-42

Chapter 24

  • Empty Tomb (24:1-12) // Mark 16:1-8; Matthew 28:1-8; John 20:1-10
  • Appearances of Jesus (24:13–49) // 1 Corinthians 15:3–9; Matthew 28:8–20; Mark 16:9-18; Acts 1:1–11; John 20:11–21:25

Related categories

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Pages in category "Gospel of Luke (text)"

The following 75 pages are in this category, out of 75 total.