Category:Gospel of Matthew (text)

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The Synoptic Gospels
The Q Hypothesis


The Gospel of Matthew (see [1]) is a New Testament document.

Overview

The Matthean community

Matthew is based on Mark and Q (material in common with Luke). Matthew reworked his sources in his own way and has also some unique material.

The questions of Matthew’s Jewish-Christian community:

(a) Who is Jesus the Messiah?

  • Jesus is the Beloved Son (“No one knows the Father except the Son (11:27)
  • Jesus is the Son of Man, the final judge, but he is also the new Moses (descendant of Abraham) and the son of David.
  • Jesus is the Messiah for the forgiveness of sin, through his teaching (9:12-13) and death (26:28).

Emphasis on faith (Mt 8:10; 15:28; 17:19-20), in order to receive justification. But the Last Judgment will be according to the deeds (Mt 25:31-46)

(b) The relationship with the Torah.

Jesus is the new Moses who delivers a major speech from the mountain.

  • The Torah is binding on believers (Mt 5:17-20).
  • The “new” teaching is based on the “old” one (Mt 13:52)

Jesus is the Jewish Messiah and Christianity is seen as a form of Judaism. Jesus commands his disciples “to make disciples of all nations and to baptize them”. But he also says “to teach them to obey everything I commanded you” (28:19). Gentiles “will eat with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob” only “in the kingdom of heaven” (Mt 8:11).

(c) The destruction of the Jerusalem Temple

Jerusalem is “the city that kills the prophet and stone those who are sent to it” (Mt 23:37)

  • Jesus foresaw the destruction of the Temple (Mt 24)
  • Jerusalem deserved to be punished (Mt 27:25)
  • The Parable of the vineyard (Mt 21:33-46)
  • The destruction of the Temple “is not the end, yet” (24:6).

(d) The leadership of the Pharisees

They are associated to the Sadducees as the enemies of John the Baptist (3:7ff) and Jesus (Mt 12:14; 16:1; 16:5-12; 21:45) and his disciples (27:62) The relationship is much more negative than in Mark. They are hypocrites (Mt 23, and the parable of the two sons, Mt 21:28-32)

The righteousness of the Christians must exceed that of the Pharisees Undivided heart (Mt 5:21-48) Not like the hypocrites (and the Gentiles) (Mt 6) In particular, the oral tradition of the Pharisees is rejected (but not the purity laws, as in Mark).

(e) The time of the end

The end is no longer seen as imminent as in Mark 9:1 (cf. Mt 16:28). The emphasis is now on the Church (see Mt 16:18-19; and ch. 18), which is the kingdom of God on earth (Mt 13:24ff). The “delay of the end” is explained by the time needed in order to proclaim the good news of the kingdom throughout the world, then the end will come” (24:14)

Gospel of Matthew in manuscript tradition

Gospel of Matthew in Scholarship

Gospel of Matthew in Fiction

The Gospel of Matthew has provide material to numerous works on Jesus of Nazareth, generally in the context of harmonized narratives. In a few cases, artists have devoted their interest specifically to the text of Matthew itself, notably, Il vangelo secondo Matteo (1964 Pasolini), film.

Synopsis

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Chapter 9

Chapter 10

Chapter 11

Chapter 12

Chapter 13

  • Sower (I) (13:1-9) // Mark 4:1–9; Luke 8:4-8; Thomas 9; 1 Clement 24:5
  • Sower (II) (13:18-23) // Mark 4:13-20; Luke 8:11-15
  • Tares (I) (13:24-30) no parallel
  • Mustard Seed (13:31-32) // Mark 4:30–32; Luke 13:18-19; Thomas 20
  • Tares (II) (13:36-43) no parallel

Chapter 14

Chapter 15

Chapter 16

Chapter 17

Chapter 18

Chapter 19

Chapter 20

Chapter 21

Chapter 22

Chapter 23

Chapter 24

Chapter 25

  • Talents (25:14-30) // Luke 19:11-27

Chapter 26

  • Last Supper (26:17-30) // Mark 14:12–26; Luke 22:7-23; John 13:21-30; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25
  • Peter's Denial (I) (26:31-35) // Mark 14:27-31; Luke 22:31-34; John 13:36-38
  • Arrest of Jesus (26:36-56) // Mark 14:32–52; Luke 22:39-53; cf. John 18:3-12
  • Peter's Denial (II) (26:69-75) // Mark 14:66-72; Luke 22:56-62; John 18:15-18.25-27

Chapter 27

  • Burial of Jesus (27:57-61) // Mark 15:42–47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42

Chapter 28

  • Empty Tomb (28:1-8) // Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-10

Related categories

References

External links

Pages in category "Gospel of Matthew (text)"

The following 101 pages are in this category, out of 101 total.

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