Category:Muslim Jesus (subject)
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Isa Ibn Maryam (=Jesus of Nazareth) is accepted and respected by Muslims as a Prophet (nabī) and a Messenger (rasūl) of God. A creature of God and Jewish by ethnicity, he was born miraculously by his mother, Maryam, the daughter of Imran. He was the Word of God (kalimat Allah) as he was born from a word of God and was called to spread God's word. Isa was the Messiah (al-Masīḥ) sent to the people of Israel to give them a new Scripture, the Gospel (al-Injīl) and announce the coming of Mohammad. Isa did not die but was taken to Heaven. At the end of times, he will return to destroy the Antichrist (al-Masih ad-Dajjal ) and establish a messianic kingdom of 40 years, until his natural death.
From the Islamic point of view, Christians have taken their love for Isa too far and worship him as a god, while Jews have gone too far in the opposite direction and do not believe he is the Messiah or a prophet. in particular, Islam rejects the Trinitarian Christian view that Jesus was God incarnate or the son of God, or that he ever atoned for the sins of humankind. "In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary. Say: "Who then hath the least power against Allah, if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all every—one that is on the earth? For to Allah belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between. He createth what He pleaseth. For Allah hath power over all things." (Qur'an sura 5 [al-Ma'ida], ayah17).
Jesus in the Qur'an
The Qur'an provides an original narrative of the life of Jesus that only in part parallels Christian canonical and apocryphal traditions.
Maryam was not married when Jesus was born and was a virgin when Allah informed her through His angel Jibreel (=Gabriel) that she would give birth to the Messiah. Isa was then born miraculously from an act of God's will, like Adam or John the Baptist. Isa was born about 600 years before Prophet Muhammad in the area of the Bethlehem Valley "under a palm tree" (as the Qur'an says: "and the pangs of childbirth drove her [=Maryam) under a palm tree,” ch. 19:23). When Maryam returned to the Temple, Isa performed his first miracle by speaking miraculously as an infant from the cradle: "I am a servant of Allah (abd-Allāh). He has given me the Scripture and has made me a Prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I may be and has not made me arrogant, or unblessed. Peace on me the day I was born, the day I die, and the day I shall be raised back to life." (19:30-33)
In his life Isa performed many miracles, all by the permission of God rather than of his own power, including:
- Healing the sick and lame.
- Giving sight to the blind.
- Forming a clay figure of a bird and breathing life into it.
- Raising a man from the dead.
- Multiplying a small amount of food to feed thousands.
Jesus was divinely chosen to preach the message of monotheism and submission to the will of God to the Children of Israel. With Adam, Noah, Abraham, and Moses he was one of the prominent prophets of Islam, before Muhammad of whom he announced the coming. "And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad." But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, "this is evident sorcery!" ", Quran 61:6.
Most of the poor and destitute of society among the Jews accepted Isa as a Prophet of Allah, as well as a group of disciples who believed in His message. The most powerful however rejected him and had him condemned to death. The Qur'an however denies that Isa died on the cross, "though it was made to appear like that to them." In reality "God raised [Jesus] unto himself," and saved him from his persecutors.
"And they said we have killed the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of God. They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, though it was made to appear like that to them; those that disagreed about him are full of doubt, with no knowledge to follow, only supposition: they certainly did not kill him. On the contrary, God raised him unto himself. God is almighty and wise."—Quran surah 4 (An-Nisa النساء) ayah 157-158
Jesus in Later Islamic tradition
Later Islamic tradition adds new details to the figure of Isa the prophet.
According to later Islamic tradition, Isa ascended bodily to Heaven, there to remain until his Second Coming in the End Days (Hadith 46.31). At that moment Isa will return to lead the battle against the Antichrist. Isa will then reign in peace and justice for 40 years, after which he will die and will be buried in Medina with Muhammad.
The 'Corrupted' Gospel
While keeping Isa in the greatest esteem, the Islamic tradition maintains that his message was somehow "corrupted" by Christians. Deletions, alterations and embellishments were made after Isa’s death by men who did not know him. The Qur'an is understood as confirming the Gospel by restoring its correct and original significance.
Muslim commentators usually refer to John 14:16 as a prophecy of Isa about the coming of Muhammad, incorrectly applied by Christians to the Holy Spirit. They claim that the original Greek word used was periklutos, meaning famed, illustrious, or praiseworthy—rendered in Arabic as Ahmad (=Muhammad); and that this term was replaced by Christians with parakletos and attributed to the Holy Spirit.
The Gospel of Barnabas is also often mentioned in Muslim apologetic as evidence of the "corruption" of the Gospel by Christians, as it contains a number of "pro-Islamic" statements including the prediction by Jesus of the coming of Muhammad. The extant Gospel of Barnabas however is a late, 14-16th century document aimed to harmonize the Qur'an with the four canonical Gospel, and as such as no historical value if not as witness of Christian-Muslim relations in the 14-16th century.
- Bible and Qur'an
- Early Christian Literature & Qur'an
- Islamic Origins
- Muslim-Christian Polemics
- Muslim-Christian Relations
- NT Apocrypha and Qur'an
Pages in category "Muslim Jesus (subject)"
The following 28 pages are in this category, out of 28 total.
- Compendium historicum eorum quae Muhammedani de Christo et praecipuis aliquot religionis Christianae capitibus tradiderunt (1643 Warner), book
- Nazarenus; or, Jewish, Gentile, and Mahometan Christianity (1718 Toland), book
- The Gospel of Barnabas (1907 Ragg), book
- إنجيل برنابا = The Gospel of Barnabas (1907 Sa`adah, Rashi Rida), book
- The Moslem Christ: An Essay on the Life, Character, and Teachings of Jesus Christ according to the Koran and Orthodox Tradition (1912 Zwemer), book
- Christ in Islam (1929 Robson), book
- La divinità di Cristo e la dottrina della Trinità in Maometto e nei polemisti musulmani (The Divinity of Christ and the Doctrine of the Trinity according to Early Muslim Polemicists / 1938 Di Matteo), book
- Le Christ de l'islam (The Christ of Islam / 1959 Hayek), book
- Jésus selon le Coran (Jesus according to the Qur'an / 1960 Michaud), book
- Jesus in the Quran (1965 Parrinder), book
- Das koranische Jesusbild (The Quranic Image of Jesus / 1971 Räisänen), book
- Der Christus der Muslime (The Muslim Christ / 1975 Schumann), book
- Évangile de Barnabé (Gospel of Barnabas / 1977 Cirillo, Frémaux), book
- The Gospel of Barnabas (1984 Sox), book
- Christ in Islam and Christianity (1991 Robinson), book
- (+) Muhammad and Jesus: A Comparison of the Prophets and Their Teachings (1996 Phipps), book
- El texto morisco del evangelio de San Bernabé (The Spanish Text of the Gospel of Barnabas / 1998 Bernabé Pons), book
- Jeesus, Allahin profeetta (Jesus, the Prophet of Allah / 1998 Hämeen-Anttila), book
- Images of Jesus Christ in Islam (1999 Leirvik), book
- I profeti biblici nella tradizione islamica (Biblical Prophets in the Qur'an and Muslim Literature / 1999 Tottoli), book
- (++) The Muslim Jesus: Sayings and Stories in Islamic Literature (2001 Khalidi), book
- (+) Mesih (The Messiah / 2007 Talebzadeh), TV mini-series & feature film
- Χριστιανισμός και Κοράνι (Christianity and the Qur'an / 2010 Grypeou), book
- (+) Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives (2011 Peters), book
- Figures bibliques en islam (Biblical Figures in Islam / 2012 Dye, Nobilio), edited volume
- Der Sohn Marias: Jesus im Koran (The Son of Mary: Jesus in the Qur'an / 2013 Bauschke), book
- Christians, Muslims, and Jesus (2013 Siddiqui), non-fiction
- Islam's Jesus (2014 Saritoprak), book